Prediabetes – Symptoms and causes

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Introduction:

We know all about the danger of diabetes. But it is also very important to know about pre-diabetes. Because the person who is very close to this disease has the last chance to avoid it.

Friends, in this situation, doctors say that if pre-diabetes is detected in a patient in time and it is treated in time, diabetes and its deadly dangers can be avoided. Prediabetes is also called borderline diabetes. According to a researcher, there are 729 million people with diabetes in India and 80 million people are at the stage of pre-diabetes. The sad part is that only 10 percent are aware of their condition. In addition, 86 million Americans suffer from prediabetes. According to researchers, 90 percent of people do not know that the person has been a victim of pre-diabetes. Borderline diabetes is a condition that increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Now come about the causes of prediabetes:-

Insulin hormone is an essential hormone for our body. When our body remains unbalanced, it becomes the cause of diabetes. Insulin resistance occurs when the body does not produce insulin or don’t use it. In both these cases, the increased glucose level causes increased blood sugar, which leads to pre-diabetes, then the person gets diabetes.

Causes for having prediabetes:-

Overweight

Overweight
Overweight

People who are overweight or those who are obese are at risk of getting diabetes. In this, fat cells trigger insulin registration and then long-term obesity causes diabetes.

Poor LifeStyle

Poor lifestyle 
Poor lifestyle

Most obese or overweight people do not exercise, so these people are at higher risk of developing pre-diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes

According to a researcher, women who have pre-diabetes during pregnancy are at higher risk of developing diabetes later in life. It is important for them to lead a healthy lifestyle to stay   away from this risk. If you are in the early stages of prediabetes, you can prevent it from turning into type 2 diabetes or reverse it. It can affect your kidney cholesterol and blood pressure as you turn into type 2 diabetes. For this, it is necessary that you take steps at the right time and make your diet chart and follow it well. Do not consume fast or junk food at all. Eat healthy food, do aerobics or yoga, do any kind of exercise and walk for at least a few minutes daily. It is not difficult for you to end pre-diabetes once your weight is under control and cholesterol is normal. After knowing the cause of pre-diabetes, now know about the symptoms of pre-diabetes.

Friends, there is such a problem with pre-diabetes that if it happens, it takes a whole life to get rid of it. Having diabetes not only means stopping the consumption of sugar and sweets but also beware of many health problems associated with it. But when you know your risk of having pre-diabetes, you start having troubles.

These are the main sign of having pre-diabetes:-

  • Frequent urination
  • High blood pressure
  • Working without feeling tired
  • Increased appetite
  • Sudden weight gain, according to a researcher, fatty tissue around the abdomen becomes more visible
  • The waist size of women is 35 inches and flowers more than 40 inches can prove to be dangerous.
  • PCOD problems arise in women and periods become irregular.

Other signs of having pre-diabetes

Feeling very thirsty. Drinking more water does not quench thirst, if you suddenly start having trouble seeing anything, then understand that you are a sign of diabetes. Excess cholesterol not only attacks the heart but is also a sign of diabetes. If you start seeing symptoms in your body, get your blood sugar tested immediately.

Blood Sugar Test Knows Your Blood Glucose Levels Are Respective or Higher

What is the range of pre-diabetes? 

If you have diabetes, your fasting sugar is more than 126 grams and BP sugar i.e. more than 20 grams after 2 hours of eating. If you do not have diabetes but you are not normal, then you are going through the stage of pre-diabetes. In other words, a blood test should be done. The empty stomach glucose level is more than 100 and after taking 75g of glucose with food, it is more than 140 then it is called pre-diabetes. That means you are at risk of diabetes. After knowing about pre-diabetes, it is also important to know about its treatment.

Treatment of pre-diabetes 

Treatment of pre-diabetes 
Treatment of pre-diabetes

You can reduce the risk of diabetes type 2 with the treatment of pre-diabetes. But if a person is tested for pre-diabetes, then doctors recommend making some changes in lifestyle. Recommended life modifications to control blood sugar when the level of diabetes is high like exercise daily, include green vegetables, fresh fruits in your diet, do not smoke. If the level of diabetes is high, then take the medicine given by the doctor.

If we talk about the test of pre-diabetes, then people who have pre-diabetes have higher than normal blood glucose levels but lower than those with diabetes.

Test for pre-diabetes 

Tests that can help reduce pre-diabetes.

Fasting plasma test

For this test, a person is advised not to eat anything for 8 hours. Blood sugar results obtained from fasting plasma test can be as follows

normal blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dl

medium: 100 to 125 mg/dl

Diabetes is a blood sugar level higher than 126 mg/dl

Second glucose tolerance test

In this test, the patient is tested twice.

The first is tested on an empty stomach and the second is by drinking some solution.

The result is something like this

Normal Level The blood sugar level in the second test is more than 140 mg/dl
Level of pre-diabetes Blood sugar level in the second test is 140 to 199 mg/dl

And the level of diabetes is more than 200 mg/dl after the second blood sugar test

Haemoglobin A1C test

A haemoglobin test is used to check blood. This blood test is used to measure blood sugar for two to three months depending on the blood sugar this result can be e.g. blood sugar is less than normal level 5.6, Pre-diabetes level is 5.7 to 6.4 blood sugar, Diabetes level greater than 6.5

Now after knowing so much about pre-diabetes, we also know about its best exercises.

Exercises for pre-diabetes 

Exercises for prediabetes
Exercises for pre-diabetes

Similarly to diabetes, exercise is also important in pre-diabetes. Try to maintain a respectable weight by doing yoga and exercising to burn calories. Make it a habit to exercise daily to regulate the blood cycle to bring your blood sugar to a respectable level. Because to a large extent, blood sugar can be kept under control and the condition of pre-diabetes can be avoided.

So let’s know the best exercise for pre-diabetic patients:

Swimming

 Swimming
Swimming

Swimming is considered to be the best exercise for the body, it not only keeps you fit but is very helpful in controlling diabetes. According to research, swimming is beneficial in both type-1 and type-2 diabetes. It accelerates blood circulation in our blood and also reduces the amount of cholesterol. Due to this, there is no fluctuation in weight and blood sugar level.

Do Dance

Do dance
Do dance

Friends, dance is considered to be the best exercise because along with keeping you entertained, it also keeps you away from depression. Dance has many health benefits. One of which is also relief from the problem of diabetes. Along with this, the metabolism is also better by dancing and the chances of getting diabetes are also reduced to a great extent. That is, if you are a patient with pre-diabetes, then you need to dance.

 Cycling 

Cycling 
Cycling

Cycling is a type of aerobics exercise. Which helps in controlling the weight and blood pressure along with respecting the level of glucose. Therefore, cycling is considered to be the best exercise for people who are less than 40 and suffering from diabetes.

Jogging

Jogging
Jogging

Jogging is beneficial for everyone because walking daily gives you many health benefits. Jogging is also very beneficial in getting relief from the problem of diabetes. It is like any treatment for pre-diabetes patients. Jogging is very beneficial especially in Tight 2 diabetes, apart from this, start the morning with jogging.

Yoga 

Yoga 
Yoga

By doing yoga, you get rid of many diseases. Yoga is also very beneficial in controlling the level of blood sugar. It helps in reducing cholesterol levels. And according to research, yoga is very helpful in getting relief from the problem of diabetes. So by doing yoga for half an hour daily, the problem of pre-diabetes can be reduce.

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