First aid in heart attack: An intro to the basics of Heart attack
Wondering what is heart attack first aid kit? The first thing you need to know when dealing with a heart attack victim is that time is critical! Time is a muscle, not just seconds, minutes, or hours. Time is the only truly unlimited resource we have, therefore it should never be wasted, no matter how small the task may seem.
- A heart attack occurs when oxygen-rich blood flow stops temporarily in certain parts of the heart muscle (myocardium). A heart attack is a medical emergency that requires prompt attention.
The first thing you should do is get the person to lie down. You may have to do this several times until paramedics arrive. If the victim does not breathe well, check for a pulse. If the victim’s skin is cold to the touch, put your hands over their chest at the bottom of the sternum bones (breastbone) and feel for a heartbeat. Do not move around much. Try to keep the person comfortable while waiting for help.
Understanding Heart Attack First Aid – What Causes a Heart Attack?
Although no single cause of a heart attack has been identified, many risk factors have been associated with them. These include smoking cigarettes, having high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and family history. Other causes of heart attacks include coronary artery disease (heart disease), congenital heart defects, atherosclerosis, rheumatic fever, pericarditis, thyroid disorders, alcohol consumption, cocaine use, caffeine intake, emotional stress, drug abuse, and genetic factors.
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Heart Attack Symptoms:
The symptoms of a heart attack vary depending on how much damage has occurred. Common symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating, dizziness, and fatigue.
What are the various heart attack complications? – Heart Attack First Aid Kit
Cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical activity of the heart stops. In cardiac arrest, no electrical impulses travel through the heart. Without these signals, the heart doesn’t contract properly, leading to death.
A myocardial infarction (MI) is the medical term for what we call a heart attack. MI results when the blood supply to part of the heart is cut off. Without blood flow to the area, the heart muscle begins to die.
Coronary Artery Disease:
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition caused by the narrowing of the coronary arteries. CAD causes chest pain called angina. Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.
Strokes occur when a blood clot forms in a brain artery and cuts off the blood supply to the part of the brain that controls movement and sensation. A stroke interrupts normal function of the brain and may cause weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech, vision problems, dizziness, headache, double vision, numbness or tingling in the face or arm, loss of balance or coordination, seizures, coma, or sudden death.
Peripheral Vascular Disease:
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a condition in which narrowed or blocked blood vessels in the arms, legs, kidneys, intestines, eyes, ears, nose, throat, or scalp do not provide enough blood flow to meet the demands of the body. Symptoms of PVD include leg swelling, fatigue, skin changes, ulcers, and varicose veins.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:
COPD is a lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems that make it hard to breathe. People who have COPD often cough much, especially at night; they may wheeze or even experience shortness of breath.
What to do when someone is having a heart attack? Basics of Heart Attack First Aid.
- Call Ambulance: If you or someone you know experiences chest pain or discomfort, call the doctor immediately. If possible, get them to lay down and position themselves comfortably. Do not try to move them until emergency responders arrive. If they feel faint, have them lean their head back and place a hand lightly over their forehead.
- Stay calm!: Try not to panic. Keep breathing deeply and slowly. Try to relax your muscles and maintain a relaxed posture. Don’t worry about what happened before.
- Don’t give CPR: Don’t attempt to perform CPR. Emergency responders will assess the situation and decide whether CPR should occur.
- Have the person lie still: Lie them down flat on their back. Let them rest. Keep them comfortable at all times.
- Monitor vitals: Monitor their blood pressure, pulse rate, temperature, and respiration. If any of these numbers begin to rise or fall, call 911 again.
- EKG: An electrocardiogram (EKG) will help determine if the person is experiencing a heart attack. An EKG measures electrical activity in the heart and looks for abnormalities. It is performed by placing small electrodes on the skin and attaching wires to measure heart rhythm.
- Get medical attention: Get the person to the nearest hospital or urgent care center. Give them oxygen if necessary. Tell them to notify EMS (Emergency Medical Services) that they are going to the ER (emergency room).
Heart Attack First Aid: Prevention of heart attack
Proper Diet and Nutrition:
A proper diet should consist of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids (fish), antioxidants (berries), fiber (whole grains), and monounsaturated fats (avocado). These types of food help prevent heart attacks and stroke. A balanced diet with a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products will supply your body with the necessary vitamins and nutrients. Also, make sure to drink plenty of water daily, at least 8 glasses per day. Drinking enough water helps keep blood pressure down.
Regular exercise helps lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure. Exercise also helps strengthen the muscles. It’s especially helpful if done regularly after meals.
Quit Smoking Cigarettes:
Smoking cigarettes causes plaque buildup inside arteries, which narrows them and makes it harder for blood to pass through. If you’re a smoker, stop immediately. Ask your doctor about quitting smoking programs.
Maintain Optimal Blood Pressure Levels:
The American Heart Association recommends maintaining optimal blood pressure levels. High blood pressure can cause clogged arteries and increase the risk of having a heart attack or stroke. To reduce your chances of developing high blood pressure, maintain a healthy weight; eat a well-balanced diet; limit alcohol consumption; avoid salt substitutes and caffeine; get regular physical activity, and manage stress effectively.
Avoid Alcohol Consumption:
Heavy drinking can raise blood pressure, lead to dehydration, and result in poor nutrition due to overeating. Moderate drinking may have some positive effects on cardiovascular health, but heavy alcohol use can damage the liver, pancreas, and kidneys. Limit yourself to no more than two drinks a day for women and three for men.
Lower Cholesterol Levels:
The American Heart Association recommends eating a low-fat, low-cholesterol, high-fiber diet to control cholesterol levels. Foods that are high in saturated fats, trans fats, and cholesterol, such as red meat, full-fat cheese, butter, fried foods, and commercially baked goods, should be avoided. Instead opt for lean cuts of meat, low-fat cheeses, plain yogurt, beans, nuts, and fish.
Get Enough Sleep:
Sleep deprivation can cause increased blood pressure and affect your immune system. Getting adequate sleep is the number one way to keep your heart healthy. Make sure you get seven hours of uninterrupted sleep each night.
If someone is having a heart attack, they need to get to the hospital right away. If they don’t go to the hospital, they could die. You cannot help someone who is having a heart attack unless you have been trained to do so. Make sure the victim gets oxygen while waiting for emergency services to arrive. The first thing to do is stay calm and quiet. If there’s any panic, it will be worse than the situation. Try not to act too much, just remain calm. You may want to have someone else take over in case things get out of control.